History Through Eugene’s Eyes (part six)
Several of Eugene’s prints have historical significance in Winchester, VA & surrounding counties. He likes to photograph the area as well as the main subject to get a feel for the history of the spot. Quite often he will go back to the chosen site at different times of the day to record where the shadows fall, which give his paintings that unique Eugene B. Smith look. His interest in the history of our area compel him to research each site before he paints: to absorb the history of it and perhaps to impart that history through his brush into the painting.
I encourage you to see this history through Eugene’s eyes by viewing these particular prints: Glen Burnie Springhouse, Full Moon, Signal Knob, Piedmont Station in Delaplane VA, Poor House, and Rose Hill. (photo)
Rose Hill Farm is a historic home and farm in Frederick County, VA. It is a vernacular* Federal style, 2 1/2 story brick and stucco structure built about 1819 by Irish immigrants. The earliest section was erected about 1797, and began as a three-room-plan, 1 1/2-story, log structure built upon a limestone foundation. At about 1850, the house was enhanced with vernacular Greek Revival-style elements. Also on the property are a contributing summer kitchen, cistern, corn crib, and a barn. Just as the Glen Burnie House is the ancestral home of the Wood family, Rose Hill is the ancestral home of the Glass family. The two families became linked in 1832 with the marriage of Catherine Wood and Thomas S. Glass.
During the Civil War, early stages of the First Battle of Kernstown were fought on the Pritchard-Grim Farm. Rose Hill was the scene of the battle’s later phase and final conflict. A “Trails” sign on the perimeter describes the action that swirled around this home. Confederate infantry defended a stone wall on the property until they ran out of ammunition and were forced to retreat in some confusion. The first Battle of Kernstown on March 23, 1862 was the opening of Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson’s legendary Valley Campaign. It was also the first and only battle he ever lost. But even though it was a tactical defeat it had the strategic effect he intended, as Washington diverted over 25,000 men from the attack on Richmond to hunt down the elusive ‘Stonewall’ in the Shenandoah.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.
*Vernacular architecture is a category of architecture based on local needs and construction materials, and reflecting local traditions.